Pan-turkism

   Originally a religious and cultural project of Volga and Crimean Tatars against Russification, pan-Turkism expanded beyond the Romanov Empire in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The movement was loosely linked to Jadidism, a modernizing reform movement within Islam. During World War I (1914–1918), elements within the Ottoman Empire advocated pan-Turkism across Central Asia, the Caucasus, and southern Russia in an attempt to turn the Turkic peoples against St. Petersburg. Under Joseph Stalin, pan-Turkism was targeted as a dangerous ideology and its supporters were ruthlessly purged. In the wake of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, pan-Turkism experienced a modest rival in the Russian Federation, Azerbaijan, and Central Asia. Tatars, Bashkirs, Chuvash, Tuvans, Khakhas, Altays, Sakha, and the Turkic peoples of the North Caucasus and the Central Asian republics began to reembrace their common cultural and linguistic heritage. During the early 1990s, Turkey actively supported such informal initiatives, often with the backing of the United States, which hoped to mitigate influences from Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Pakistan. However, Turkey’s financial crisis at the end of the decade weakened its ability to promote such transnational cultural projects. Today, support for panTurkism remains tepid as many Russian Turkics resent the Tatars’ dominant position in terms of both culture and language across the Russian Federation. Tatarstan’s failed effort to convert to the Latin alphabet was viewed as a linguistic manifestation of pan-Turkism, as it would have allowed greater communication with speakers of Turkish, Azeri, and Uzbek, who all now employ a similar script.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pan-Turkism — is a political movement aiming to unite the various Turkic peoples into a modern political state, a confederation, or an economic union closely resembling that of the European Union.NameIn the research literature, the term Pan Turkism is used to… …   Wikipedia

  • Pan-Turkism — Political movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, which had as its goal the political union of all Turkic speaking peoples in the Ottoman Empire, Russia, China, Iran, and Afghanistan. The movement, which began among the Turks in the… …   Universalium

  • Pan-Turkism — noun A political movement started more than 100 years ago aiming to unite the various Turkic peoples into a modern political state. See Also: Pan Turkist …   Wiktionary

  • Pan-nationalism — is a form of nationalism distinguished by the large scale of the claimed national territory, and because it often defines the nation on the basis of a ‘’cluster’’ of cultures and ethnic groups. It shares the general nationalist ideology, that the …   Wikipedia

  • Pan-Celticism — is the name given to a variety of movements that espouse greater contact between the various Celtic nations.Types of Pan CelticismPan Celticism can operate on the following levels: * Linguistic many organisations promote linguistic ties, notably… …   Wikipedia

  • Pan — /pan/, n. the ancient Greek god of forests, pastures, flocks, and shepherds, represented with the head, chest, and arms of a man and the legs and sometimes the horns and ears of a goat. /pan/, n. an international distress signal used by shore… …   Universalium

  • Pan-Iranism — is an ideology that advocates solidarity and reunification of Iranian peoples living in the Iranian continent and Iranian plateau ( Falāte Īrān ), including Ossetians, Kurds, Armenians, Persians (including the Tajiks and Qizilbash), Hazaras,… …   Wikipedia

  • Pan-Turanismus — Der Turanismus (türk. turancılık) ist eine Ideologie, die einen gemeinsamen Ursprung der Türken, Ungarn, Finnen, Esten, Mongolen, Mandschuren und Jakuten annimmt.[1] Die spekulative Urheimat dieser „Turanier“ oder „turaniden Rasse“ war Turan,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • pan — pan1 panner, n. /pan/, n., v., panned, panning. n. 1. a broad, shallow container of metal, usually having sides flaring outward toward the top, used in various forms for frying, baking, washing, etc. 2. any similar receptacle or part, as the… …   Universalium

  • Pan-Turkismus — Panturkismus bedeutete im späten 19. und im frühen 20. Jahrhundert den Wunsch nach Vereinigung aller Turkvölker in einem einzigen Staat. Der Panturkismus weist auch starke Überschneidungen mit dem Turanismus auf, weshalb beide Begriffe oft auch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.